Mental health challenges are common in children, youth, and adults with prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE). If these challenges are not treated, they can persist for many years. Many mental health problems first emerge in adolescence, but we don’t know a lot about exactly how and when mental health problems begin for people with PAE.
Documenting if women who gave birth to children with FASD had access to adequate prenatal health care is the first step in understanding the role that these services play in helping to reduce prenatal alcohol exposure. However, few studies have investigated the rates of prenatal care use by women who have given birth to children with FASD.
Although health care professionals in maternity care settings play a major role in screening, researchers have shown that this screening is not consistently occurring. Existing research has identified some of the barriers that women who are pregnant face when accessing prenatal care, however, very little research has been done to explore the barriers that primary care workers face when providing care.
Many behavioural interventions have been developed aimed at reducing alcohol and illicit drug use among women of childbearing age. However, these traditional interventions are not always effective. Technology-based interventions (TBIs) have many advantages over traditional interventions.There is growing evidence demonstrating the effectiveness of TBIs in changing health behaviours, but it is unclear whether TBIs are useful in preventing or reducing substance use.